3 Common ‘Facts’ About Quantum Computing That Are Actually ‘Myths’

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Quantum computing (QC) allows for a fundamental – and even ‘disruptive’ – shift in how we analyze and try solving previously intractable problems. However, as with any great disruptive and potentially world-changing technology, quantum computing is not exempt from its share of ‘myth-mongering’, even among academics.

Here are 3 common myths that have been masquerading as facts in the world of quantum computing.

Myth#1: Quantum computers can solve all classical computer problems instantaneously

Fact#1: Quantum computers speed up the solving of only certain problems

With the help of ‘qubits’ which can hold values of both 0 and 1 (unlike classical computer bits which can be either 0 or 1 but never both), quantum computers can analyze information faster and therefore find solutions faster. But current quantum computers cannot solve all problems instantaneously. They can only solve problems that are either designed specifically for them or are more relevant to everyday life (e.g. cryptography).

However, in future, this will change. According to Viv Kendon of Durham University, today’s quantum computers already “have several tricks that can bypass what classical computers can do.” This means that future quantum computers will solve every kind of problem, especially those that are unsolvable by today’s classical computers due to their limited processing power.

Myth#2: ‘Quantum Supremacy’ spells the beginning of the end for classical computing 

Fact#2: Classical computers will not be completely swept aside by quantum computers

In 2012, John Preskill at the California Institute of Technology proposed the term ‘quantum supremacy’. Seven years later, Google announced in a Nature article that it had achieved this milestone with its 53-qubit quantum computer Sycamore. This machine could perform a calculation in 200 seconds that would have taken a current, state-of-the-art supercomputer a whopping 10,000 years. Michelle Simmons of the University of New South Wales calls this the “first experimental evidence that quantum speed-up is achievable in a real-world system.”

Nonetheless, those who fear that quantum supremacy foretells the end of classical computing can rest easy because it doesn’t – at least not yet. According to Peter J. Love of Tufts University, the practical implications of the task completed by Sycamore are fairly minimal for the near future. Professor Preskill has a different take though. He believes that Google’s quantum supremacy milestone is a pivotal step towards ‘practical’ quantum computing. At Quantropi, we agree with Professor Preskill. At the same time, we also foresee that quantum computers won’t replace classical computers, while also leading to the growth of ‘hybrid’ computers.

Myth#3: Quantum-safe Cryptography provides complete data security

Fact#3: In case of a quantum attack, Quantum-safe Cryptography is not safe at all

The advent of large-scale quantum computing – which is less than a decade away according to Michele Mosca from the University of Waterloo’s Institute for Quantum Computing – poses a significant threat to our global information infrastructure. Current Public-key Cryptography (PKC) algorithms are fairly resistant to security breaches launched from classical computers. But in the near future, quantum computers will be able to break even the strongest PKC algorithms, putting our entire communications network and data at risk. Quantum-safe Cryptography algorithms provide enhanced data security even in case of a large-scale quantum attack. But only in theory.

The truth is that Quantum-safe Cryptography is not completely quantum-safe, despite what its adherents say. Its two key approaches, Post-quantum Cryptography (PQC) and Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) both have weaknesses that make them inadequate for protecting systems and data in case a quantum attack does happen. Quantropi’s proprietary Quantum Entropy Expansion and Propagation (QEEP™) technology provides a robust solution to these challenges. Unlike QKD and PQC systems which are laboratory heroes but fall far short in reality, QEEP™ is truly quantum-secure, even in the real world. Moreover, it works on the principle of quantum perturbation to protect information today against tomorrow’s quantum attacks. To know more about this provably secure, super-fast and energy-efficient quantum-safe solution, read our white paper here.

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Eric Chan

Eric Chan a.k.a. EEPMON is a Crypto / Digital Artist with 15 years in the industry – and Quantropi’s Creative Emissary. His hybrid fractal/digital creations have been seen in fashion, comics to museums and has exhibited worldwide. EEPMON’s collaborations include Canada Goose, MARVEL, Snoopy, Microsoft Xbox, Canada Science & Technology Museum and was a TEDx performing artist. In 2018 he represented Canada on its first Creative Industries Trade Mission led by Canada’s Minister of Heritage and serves on the Canadian Museums Association‘s Board of Directors. At the same time, he is currently completing his Master of Information Technology – Digital Media at Carleton University. 

Christopher McKenzie

With his extensive experience in software development and strong analytical skills, Chris can handle the entire end-to-end software development life cycle. Prior to Quantropi, he served as Director of Product Development at Sphyrna Security, Inc., where he managed the delivery of security compliance automation and data diode appliance products, and as Commercial Software Development Manager at Cord3, Inc., where he managed the development of an advanced data access policy management product. Chris graduated from Computer Science at Algonquin College and the Ottawa School of Arts in 1998. Read less

Dafu Lou

Dafu is Quantropi’s Director of engineering. Prior to Quantropi, he served as a technical leader at Irdeto, a world-leading provider of digital platform security software, where he was responsible for white-box cryptography, cloaked CA secure core, and iOS/android application protection services, among others. Prior to Irdeto, Dafu served as a senior software engineer at SecureNex Systems, where he led the implementation of an SSL-VPN solution and ECC-based secure data storage & PKI. He earned his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Ottawa in 2009. Dafu is also a part-time professor, teaching VLSI, Cryptography and other subjects at uOttawa.

Pauline Arnold

As James Nguyen’s EA, Pauline Arnold brings more than 40 years of experience in complementary customer service and administrative roles. Prior to Quantropi, she served 20 years as Branch Manager and an assistant in investments, and over 20 years at Metropolitan Life Canada in various aspects of the insurance sector – assisting clients, management and colleagues to complete tasks, solve problems, address questions and achieve goals. She also worked part-time for Royal Lepage Performance for 5+ years as a receptionist & admin, and for 5 years was chair of the TKFG’s charity golf tournament.

Bond Vo

Bond Vo is the Business Analyst of Quantropi. Along with Quantropi, Bond has been dynamic in accordance with a fast and evolving startup environment and is responsible in a wide range of areas including market research, funding, and more involved in the controller roles to oversee day to day accounting operation as well as build financing models and budget to achieve company’s ultimate goals/objectives. Bond has applied best practices consistently and successfully supports equity, debt, and non-dilutive funding for Quantropi since joint the team. He earned a Bachelor of Commerce concentrated in Finance from Carleton University. Outside of his professional career, Bond also participated in volunteer for the Vietnamese Immigration Student Association (VISA) to help and support students as well as newcomers in Canada.

Tina Wang

Tina develops websites and participates in a range of different projects, using new frameworks for front-end UI, along with Vuejs, Angula, Beego, Ruby on Rails, and Electron. She developed Quantropi’s desktop CipherSpace application by integrating Electron, Webassembly and Go, to ensure a good user experience, as well as perfect operating system compatibility. She is also part of the dynamic and efficient QKD-NODE project team. Tina is always looking for new ways to increase her knowledge, improve her technological proficiency and enhance her strong execution and implementation skills. Prior to Quantropi, Tina served as a full-stack web developer at Sunny Future, where she maintained a WordPress home site and managed the release of new content for the company.

Nick Kuang

As VP Corporate Services, Nick plans, directs and coordinates a wide range of activities aimed at achieving Quantropi’s vision of the Quantum Internet. He has a keen interest in transformative technologies and the possibilities they offer for bettering our everyday lives. A pharmacist by training, Nick nurtures teams with a focus on integrity and collaborative effort, coupled with strong attention to detail. With prior experience in a successful biotech start-up developing point-of-care test kits, he enjoys the fast pace and challenge of the start-up environment.

Alex He

Alex is a product-oriented project manager who bridges the gaps between the company’s engineering and commercial teams. He has over ten years of experience in the analysis, design and development of enterprise-class applications, with a particular focus on creating optimal user experiences (UX). Ever passionate about cybersecurity solutions that can deliver solid security without unreasonably sacrificing customer convenience, Alex is the lead inventor of a registered patent on user interface security. He is committed to helping ensure that the Agile software engineering team at Quantropi delivers consistently high-quality, high crypto-agility cybersecurity solutions for next-generation communications.

Michael Redding

Before joining Quantropi, Mike was Managing Director and co-founder of Accenture Ventures, where he grew a global portfolio of strategic partnerships and 38 equity investments in emerging technology startups.

During his nearly 30 years with Accenture, he incubated and launched technology innovations for enterprises across multiple geographies and industries. Ever-passionate about bold ideas with game-changing results, he speaks frequently on the impact of emerging technology on large organizations.

With a bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Princeton, and a Master’s in Biomedical Engineering from Northwestern, Mike is a former member of the Board of Directors for the Accenture Foundation and Board Observer for startups Maana and Splice Machine.

Raj Narula, P.Eng.

Raj is a seasoned technology executive who has worked with companies as an advisor, business builder and active angel investor. Raj is a seasoned technology executive who has worked with companies as an advisor, business builder and active angel investor. He has held operational and advisory roles in Recognia (Trading Central ), Belair Networks ( Ericsson) , March Networks ( Infinova) , Sandvine ( Procera ), Neurolanguage ( ADEC) ,Bridgewater Systems (Amdocs), Vayyoo ( Cafex ) TenXc ( CCI ),1Mobility ( Qualys ) and others. He has been dividing his time between North America, EMEA, and the Asia Pacific region for over 20 years and speaks multiple languages. He grew up in Asia, Europe, South America and Canada. Raj is also the co-founder and Charter Member of the Ottawa chapter of TiE (the Indus Entrepreneur). Raj holds a B.Eng degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Ottawa, Canada.

Ken Dobell

Ken leads marketing strategy at Quantropi. In high demand as a consultant with 25 years’ experience in performance media and an award- winning creative background, he has completed successful transformations, (re)branding and product development mandates with KPMG, Keurig, Fidelity, Eddyfi, Coveo, and more, and provides digital advice to the CMA. Previously, Ken pivoted an offline advertising brokerage to a leading-edge, data-driven performance agency as President of DAC Digital, held a progression of international leadership roles with Monster.com, pioneered a range of multi-channel initiatives as VP Marketing with a global franchisor, and introduced a mobile-first programmatic media offering to Canada within WPP.

Cory Michalyshyn

Cory brings a breadth of experience to the Quantropi team, working fractionally with multiple SaaS technology companies as CFO, and as the CFO with Celtic House Venture Partners. Prior to these roles, Cory was CFO and COO at Solink, and played a lead role in the metrics-led pivot to a direct-sales SaaS model, followed by multiple VC-backed funding rounds and their recognition as one of the fastest growing start-ups in Canada. He qualified as a CPA while serving technology, VC & PE-fund clients at Deloitte, and earned his Bachelor of Commerce at Queen’s University.

Dr. Randy Kuang

Randy holds a doctorate in quantum physics. His research findings have been published in top international journals and named “Kuang’s semi-classical formalism” by NASA in 2012. With a career spanning IT, including with Nortel as senior network researcher & developer, he co-founded inBay Technologies in 2009, serving as CTO of the cybersecurity platform. As the first recipient of a patent for two-level authentication (2011), Randy is a prolific inventor, with 30+ U.S. patents in broad technology fields, such as WiMAX, optical networks, multi-factor identity authentication, transaction authorization, as well as concepts, technologies and industrial applications for quantum key distribution.

James Nguyen

Prior to leading Quantropi, James was Chief Investment Officer & VP Asia Operations for a group of private and public real estate, mining, energy storage, graphene technologies and manufacturing interests, where, in his responsibilities for strategy, banking and global expansions, he secured large-scale investments and partnerships for commercializing graphene applications across multiple industries. A graduate of Carleton in Economics, he previously achieved success managing a mid-market portfolio (professional services, public sector, Asian markets) at RBC for over a decade. James has been on the HKCBA board, held advisory positions with technology start-ups and gives back as volunteer, fundraiser and mentor.