The Quantum Computing Revolution: Is It Upon Us?

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Despite steady progress in the field of quantum computing, until very recently, experts still debated whether it was realistically possible to build a commercially available quantum computer. But following a number of recent breakthroughs, the question has unequivocally been answered. Yes, commercially available quantum computers are coming. Today, the general consensus is that quantum computing and quantum communications will impact a number of sectors including cryptography, healthcare, finance, energy, security, and more in the very near future.

So is the quantum computing revolution truly upon us?

Revolution #1: Bits versus Qubits

First, quantum computing, which is based on the principles of quantum mechanics, is revolutionary, because it breaks away from the decades-old old binary computing model which relies on a sequence of ones and zeroes, aka bits. Since any given bit can hold a value of either a zero or a one, but never both at the same time, this classical model speaks the language of “certainty”.

Contrarily, since a quantum system relies on qubits – quantum particles that can be either a zero or a one, or a superposition of zero and one; in other words, the qubits are both zero and one (and all points in between) at the same time. This speaks the language of uncertainty and probability. In fact, it’s this revolutionary quality of superposition (which this Harvard Business Review article calls a “feature”, rather than a “bug”) that enables quantum computers to process data faster and at scale – something that conventional computers cannot do.

Revolution #2: The New “Moore’s Law” for Quantum Computing

For over half a century, Moore’s Law has measured the progress of classical computers, describing how their processing power tends to double roughly every two years. Since quantum computers are designed around the laws of quantum physics, Moore’s Law does not apply. To predict the speed of this revolutionary new technology, the Director of Google’s Quantum AI Labs, Hartmut Neven, has proposed “Neven’s Law”, which states that quantum computing power is experiencing 2x the exponential growth relative to classic computing. This enormously fast pace could lead to the so-called “quantum advantage”, where even small quantum processors will be able to overtake powerful conventional supercomputers.

Revolution #3: Quantum Computing Will Threaten Today’s Internet Security

According to the World Economic Forum, “The unprecedented disruption by COVID-19 is accelerating the urgency for agility, adaptability and transformation. Industry structures and business models are being disrupted – and the digitalization of the economy is being rapidly accelerated. An estimated 70% of new value created in the economy over the next decade will be based on digitally enabled platform business models.” All of this relies on today’s security technologies which do not protect against quantum computers.

A powerful quantum computer will be able to break into any system that’s “protected” with classical cryptography, effectively rendering all current encryption/ cryptographic systems obsolete.

Preparing for the Revolution

To stay ahead of future criminals armed with their latest weapon – a quantum computer – organizations will need to adopt Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) or Post-Quantum Cryptography (PQC) solutions to secure their data. Both approach present real challenges.

Although provably secure, QKD is not compatible with the Internet’s existing infrastructure, and would require massive, cost-prohibitive investments in new hardware for a real-world implementation.

PQC takes the PKI approach by extending intractability to cover quantum computers using math puzzles that cannot be broken by two known quantum algorithms: Shor’s and Grover’s. The challenge is there may be new quantum algorithms and processes that will break even PQC math puzzles (which were only designed to resist Shor’s and Grover’s algorithms). But you cannot design PQC to resist yet-to-be discovered algorithms and processes so it becomes a cat and mouse game of sorts. And this complexity increases power and computational requirements resulting in higher costs and doesn’t play nice with resources constrained devices like IoT.

Unlike PQC and QKD, Quantropi’s Quantum Entropy Expansion and Propagation (QEEP™) technology provides guaranteed unbreakable security and perfect secrecy in key distribution over the Internet. QEEP™ is a quantum gate technology that derives its security from the uncertainty principle, not from mathematical puzzles. And it can work on today’s Internet infrastructure which provides a cost-effective and straightforward upgrade path to true quantum security.

While the debate continues around existing quantum security technologies, QEEP™ already provides a high-entropy, high-speed, and affordable solution against tomorrow’s quantum threats today.

For technical details, check out our white paper: Quantum Entropy Expansion and Propagation Overview.

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Eric Chan

Eric Chan a.k.a. EEPMON is a Crypto / Digital Artist with 15 years in the industry – and Quantropi’s Creative Emissary. His hybrid fractal/digital creations have been seen in fashion, comics to museums and has exhibited worldwide. EEPMON’s collaborations include Canada Goose, MARVEL, Snoopy, Microsoft Xbox, Canada Science & Technology Museum and was a TEDx performing artist. In 2018 he represented Canada on its first Creative Industries Trade Mission led by Canada’s Minister of Heritage and serves on the Canadian Museums Association‘s Board of Directors. At the same time, he is currently completing his Master of Information Technology – Digital Media at Carleton University. 

Christopher McKenzie

With his extensive experience in software development and strong analytical skills, Chris can handle the entire end-to-end software development life cycle. Prior to Quantropi, he served as Director of Product Development at Sphyrna Security, Inc., where he managed the delivery of security compliance automation and data diode appliance products, and as Commercial Software Development Manager at Cord3, Inc., where he managed the development of an advanced data access policy management product. Chris graduated from Computer Science at Algonquin College and the Ottawa School of Arts in 1998. Read less

Dafu Lou

Dafu is Quantropi’s Director of engineering. Prior to Quantropi, he served as a technical leader at Irdeto, a world-leading provider of digital platform security software, where he was responsible for white-box cryptography, cloaked CA secure core, and iOS/android application protection services, among others. Prior to Irdeto, Dafu served as a senior software engineer at SecureNex Systems, where he led the implementation of an SSL-VPN solution and ECC-based secure data storage & PKI. He earned his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Ottawa in 2009. Dafu is also a part-time professor, teaching VLSI, Cryptography and other subjects at uOttawa.

Pauline Arnold

As James Nguyen’s EA, Pauline Arnold brings more than 40 years of experience in complementary customer service and administrative roles. Prior to Quantropi, she served 20 years as Branch Manager and an assistant in investments, and over 20 years at Metropolitan Life Canada in various aspects of the insurance sector – assisting clients, management and colleagues to complete tasks, solve problems, address questions and achieve goals. She also worked part-time for Royal Lepage Performance for 5+ years as a receptionist & admin, and for 5 years was chair of the TKFG’s charity golf tournament.

Bond Vo

Bond Vo is the Business Analyst of Quantropi. Along with Quantropi, Bond has been dynamic in accordance with a fast and evolving startup environment and is responsible in a wide range of areas including market research, funding, and more involved in the controller roles to oversee day to day accounting operation as well as build financing models and budget to achieve company’s ultimate goals/objectives. Bond has applied best practices consistently and successfully supports equity, debt, and non-dilutive funding for Quantropi since joint the team. He earned a Bachelor of Commerce concentrated in Finance from Carleton University. Outside of his professional career, Bond also participated in volunteer for the Vietnamese Immigration Student Association (VISA) to help and support students as well as newcomers in Canada.

Tina Wang

Tina develops websites and participates in a range of different projects, using new frameworks for front-end UI, along with Vuejs, Angula, Beego, Ruby on Rails, and Electron. She developed Quantropi’s desktop CipherSpace application by integrating Electron, Webassembly and Go, to ensure a good user experience, as well as perfect operating system compatibility. She is also part of the dynamic and efficient QKD-NODE project team. Tina is always looking for new ways to increase her knowledge, improve her technological proficiency and enhance her strong execution and implementation skills. Prior to Quantropi, Tina served as a full-stack web developer at Sunny Future, where she maintained a WordPress home site and managed the release of new content for the company.

Nick Kuang

As VP Corporate Services, Nick plans, directs and coordinates a wide range of activities aimed at achieving Quantropi’s vision of the Quantum Internet. He has a keen interest in transformative technologies and the possibilities they offer for bettering our everyday lives. A pharmacist by training, Nick nurtures teams with a focus on integrity and collaborative effort, coupled with strong attention to detail. With prior experience in a successful biotech start-up developing point-of-care test kits, he enjoys the fast pace and challenge of the start-up environment.

Alex He

Alex is a product-oriented project manager who bridges the gaps between the company’s engineering and commercial teams. He has over ten years of experience in the analysis, design and development of enterprise-class applications, with a particular focus on creating optimal user experiences (UX). Ever passionate about cybersecurity solutions that can deliver solid security without unreasonably sacrificing customer convenience, Alex is the lead inventor of a registered patent on user interface security. He is committed to helping ensure that the Agile software engineering team at Quantropi delivers consistently high-quality, high crypto-agility cybersecurity solutions for next-generation communications.

Michael Redding

Before joining Quantropi, Mike was Managing Director and co-founder of Accenture Ventures, where he grew a global portfolio of strategic partnerships and 38 equity investments in emerging technology startups.

During his nearly 30 years with Accenture, he incubated and launched technology innovations for enterprises across multiple geographies and industries. Ever-passionate about bold ideas with game-changing results, he speaks frequently on the impact of emerging technology on large organizations.

With a bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Princeton, and a Master’s in Biomedical Engineering from Northwestern, Mike is a former member of the Board of Directors for the Accenture Foundation and Board Observer for startups Maana and Splice Machine.

Raj Narula, P.Eng.

Raj is a seasoned technology executive who has worked with companies as an advisor, business builder and active angel investor. Raj is a seasoned technology executive who has worked with companies as an advisor, business builder and active angel investor. He has held operational and advisory roles in Recognia (Trading Central ), Belair Networks ( Ericsson) , March Networks ( Infinova) , Sandvine ( Procera ), Neurolanguage ( ADEC) ,Bridgewater Systems (Amdocs), Vayyoo ( Cafex ) TenXc ( CCI ),1Mobility ( Qualys ) and others. He has been dividing his time between North America, EMEA, and the Asia Pacific region for over 20 years and speaks multiple languages. He grew up in Asia, Europe, South America and Canada. Raj is also the co-founder and Charter Member of the Ottawa chapter of TiE (the Indus Entrepreneur). Raj holds a B.Eng degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Ottawa, Canada.

Ken Dobell

Ken leads marketing strategy at Quantropi. In high demand as a consultant with 25 years’ experience in performance media and an award- winning creative background, he has completed successful transformations, (re)branding and product development mandates with KPMG, Keurig, Fidelity, Eddyfi, Coveo, and more, and provides digital advice to the CMA. Previously, Ken pivoted an offline advertising brokerage to a leading-edge, data-driven performance agency as President of DAC Digital, held a progression of international leadership roles with Monster.com, pioneered a range of multi-channel initiatives as VP Marketing with a global franchisor, and introduced a mobile-first programmatic media offering to Canada within WPP.

Cory Michalyshyn

Cory brings a breadth of experience to the Quantropi team, working fractionally with multiple SaaS technology companies as CFO, and as the CFO with Celtic House Venture Partners. Prior to these roles, Cory was CFO and COO at Solink, and played a lead role in the metrics-led pivot to a direct-sales SaaS model, followed by multiple VC-backed funding rounds and their recognition as one of the fastest growing start-ups in Canada. He qualified as a CPA while serving technology, VC & PE-fund clients at Deloitte, and earned his Bachelor of Commerce at Queen’s University.

Dr. Randy Kuang

Randy holds a doctorate in quantum physics. His research findings have been published in top international journals and named “Kuang’s semi-classical formalism” by NASA in 2012. With a career spanning IT, including with Nortel as senior network researcher & developer, he co-founded inBay Technologies in 2009, serving as CTO of the cybersecurity platform. As the first recipient of a patent for two-level authentication (2011), Randy is a prolific inventor, with 30+ U.S. patents in broad technology fields, such as WiMAX, optical networks, multi-factor identity authentication, transaction authorization, as well as concepts, technologies and industrial applications for quantum key distribution.

James Nguyen

Prior to leading Quantropi, James was Chief Investment Officer & VP Asia Operations for a group of private and public real estate, mining, energy storage, graphene technologies and manufacturing interests, where, in his responsibilities for strategy, banking and global expansions, he secured large-scale investments and partnerships for commercializing graphene applications across multiple industries. A graduate of Carleton in Economics, he previously achieved success managing a mid-market portfolio (professional services, public sector, Asian markets) at RBC for over a decade. James has been on the HKCBA board, held advisory positions with technology start-ups and gives back as volunteer, fundraiser and mentor.